The Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia (ASSA) commends the Australian Government on its commitment to improving Australia’s use of data as a key opportunity to substantially enhance national productivity. The importance of improving data use practices extends well beyond questions of national productivity to questions of wellbeing and national progress. Making data more available is an achievable reform and would liberate economy-wide productivity improvements over many years. We welcomed the release of the Australian Government Public Data Policy Statement in 2015, and the recommendations of the Productivity Commission in its Data Availability and Use Inquiry in 2017. The proposed new legislation is an important step in reforming and enhancing access to public data in Australia. Three important issues not raised in the Issues Paper are the need to upgrade the capability in the Australian Government, and more generally, in respect of: (1) the analysis of large and imperfect data sets including linked data sets, (2) the management of these data sets and the design of the underlying systems, and (3) managing the security of these data sets (or at least knowing when to call in the experts).